Waste Disposal

The Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/EC) states that “disposal” shall mean any of the operations listed in Annex 1 to the Directive.

These operations are:

D1 Deposit into or on to land (e.g. landfill, etc)
D2 Land treatment (e.g. biodegradation of liquid or sludgy discards in soils, etc)
D3 Deep injection (e.g. injection of pumpable discards into wells, salt domes or naturally occurring repositories, etc)
D4 Surface impoundment (e.g. placement of liquid or sludgy discards into pits, ponds or lagoons, etc)
D5 Specially engineered landfill (e.g. placement into lined discrete cells which are capped and isolated from one another and the environment, etc)
D6 Release into a water body except seas/oceans
D7 Release into seas/oceans, including sea-bed insertion
D8 Biological treatment not specified elsewhere in this Annex which results in final compounds or mixtures which are discarded by means of any of the operations numbered D1 to D12
D9 Physico-chemical treatment not specified elsewhere in this Annex which results in final compounds or mixtures which are discarded by means of any of the operations numbered D1 to D12 (e.g. evaporation, drying, calcination, etc)
D10 Incineration on land
D11 Incineration at sea (*)
D12 Permanent storage (e.g. emplacement of containers in a mine, etc)
D13 Blending or mixing prior to submission to any of the operations numbered D1 to D12 (**)
D14 Repackaging prior to submission to any of the operations numbered D1 to D13
D15 Storage pending any of the operations numbered D1 to D14 (excluding temporary storage, pending collection, on the site where the waste is produced) (***)

(*) This operation is prohibited by EU legislation and international conventions.

(**) If there is no other D code appropriate, this can include preliminary operations prior to disposal including pre-processing such as, inter alia, sorting, crushing, compacting, pelletising, drying, shredding, conditioning or separating prior to submission to any of the operations numbered D1 to D12.

(***)Temporary storage means preliminary storage according to point (10) of Article 3.

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